Although skin aging is a natural and unavoidable process, there are many ways you can interfere in order to make skin more youthful with age. The key to aging gracefully is taking precautions to avoid causing damage to the skin in the first place. But in the instances where signs of aging are already visible, there is still hope in the form of rejuvenation treatments. Wrinkles, fine lines, and dark spots are very common signs of photoaging (changes to the skin caused by sun exposure). Luckily, with the wide range of treatments available, these problems are both preventable and reversible. Here are some of the available options:
Be cautious with sun exposure
As already mentioned, too much sun can damage your skin, but that doesn’t mean you should avoid the sun at all costs. After all, a little sun exposure helps in the synthesis of vitamin D which is crucial for overall health. The Sun emits many types of rays, of which UVA rays are mostly responsible for causing wrinkles and dark spots. This fact alone is a good enough reason to use a broad-spectrum sunblock. You can double on the protection with sunglasses to protect the delicate skin around your eyes.
You don’t have to rely on makeup to hide dark spots
If you, unfortunately, have a couple of dark spots caused by UV radiation, you might consider skin brightening products. Although considered controversial, skin brightener also comes in safer forms, such as the ones containing a powerful antioxidant called glutathione. A study with sixty participants concluded that oral supplements containing glutathione effectively reduced UV spots. Glutathione being an antioxidant naturally already present in our body makes it a safe alternative to harsher skin bleaching creams.
Your AHA moment – Exfoliation is crucial
Besides keeping your skin clean and keeping acne at bay, exfoliants help to speed up the cell turnover, making younger skin cells resurface faster. Night creams containing AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) are very efficient in helping your skin rejuvenate while you sleep. Besides this AHA’s have a slight whitening effect, thus reducing hyperpigmentation. You also need to bear in mind that lightening your skin makes it sensitive to sunlight, so make sure you use safe sunscreen along with your AHA’s.
Consider including retinoid in your skin care routine
Retinoids are chemical compounds derived from vitamin A. You can find them in small doses in over-the-counter creams, or you can ask your dermatologist to prescribe a cream with a higher dose of retinoids, specifically tretinoin. A study conducted on test subjects concluded that applying tretinoin for 3-12 months improved the appearance of sun damaged skin. There is, however, the risk of causing skin irritation when using tretinoin. In this case a milder product: retinol might be a better alternative.
Vitamins in your food and your skin care products
Of course, a healthy diet full of vitamins will have an obvious effect on the appearance of your skin, but you can also look for creams and serums that have vitamins C and E. These vitamins have antioxidant properties, meaning they help fight free radicals that cause premature aging. Also using both C and E simultaneously is said to increase their effectiveness in fighting both wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.
Stay away from cigarettes
Other than causing a range of adverse health effects, such as lung cancer, smoking cigarettes daily will inevitably do harm to your skin. How exactly smoking causes premature aging is not fully understood, but some studies suggest it decreases blood flow which damages your skin, and tobacco is also considered to be toxic when in contact with sunlight, thus damaging skin. If you have trouble finding motivation to quit smoking, let youthful looking skin be your motive.
Old fashioned moisturizers
There is certainly some amount of skepticism towards moisturizers and their rejuvenating claims, but one thing is for sure: moisturizers are a staple in skin care regimes. Dehydrated skin looks older and might even flake. Most dermatologists agree that both high-end and low-end brands work equally well with providing your skin with enough moisture. That is why using a moisturizer is important for younger looking skin.
Skin aging is inevitable, but that does not mean you can’t take matters into your own hands by helping your skin while it fights off environmental damage. The secret is to try different treatments and products until you find what works best for you.
Author Bio: Annie Lizstan works as a health and beauty consultant for online websites and an independent researcher by profession. She had completed her studies at the university of Arizona and live in Wasilla, Alaska. She always likes to explore her ideas about health, fitness, beauty. Recently, she got an opportunity to work on the best product for puffy eyes. She has experience researching as a passion as well as profession. You can also connect with her on Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest.